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What do you know about Australia | newsyel

What do you know about Australia?

What do you know about Australia | newsyel

Information about Australia

Australia is a stable and culturally diverse country with one of the strongest economies in the world. It is the only country the size of a continent and the largest island in the world and ranks sixth among the largest countries in the world by area. Australia is one of the most culturally diverse countries in the world, enriched by indigenous and immigrant cultures.

Australia is the smallest continent in the world, located in the southern hemisphere, with an area of about 7,617,930 square kilometers, it is the largest island in the world.

Australian history

The Aboriginal people arrived in Australia 50,000 to 60,000 years ago, and the Torres Strait Islanders arrived 10,000 years ago. In 1788, Britain built penal settlements in Australia. In the year 1850 AD, this period was known as the gold rush, which was discovered in Australia and contributed to attracting immigrants to Australia in that era from all over the world. In 1901, the federation known as the “Australian Commonwealth” was formed.

Australia's official emblem

Australia takes the kangaroo, the emu and the golden wedge as its emblem as a symbol of the Australian animal and plant kingdom.

Geographical location of Australia

Australia is located in the southern hemisphere, surrounded by seas on all sides, and the Tropic of Capricorn passes through its center. It is bordered by the Pacific Ocean to the east, the Indian Ocean to the west and south, and the Timor Sea to the north, which separates Australia from the Indonesian islands. It is surrounded by several islands, the most important and largest of which is Tasmania in the southeast. It is separated from New Zealand in the southeast by the Tasman Sea.

What is the population of Australia?

Australians are immigrants or descendants of immigrants who have come to Australia from 200 countries since Great Britain established the first settlement in 1788. In 1945, the population of Australia was about 7 million people, mostly Britons, Irish and Scots. Since then, more than 6.5 million immigrants have settled in Australia. Australia has a population of more than 24 million people. Immigrants have enriched most aspects of life in Australia, including working life, the arts, cooking, science and sport. Immigrants have adapted and are integrated into Australian society that is accepting, tolerant and egalitarian.

Cultural Diversity in Australia

Aboriginal, Torres Strait Islander, and immigrant cultures have shaped Australian society. Since 1996, the number of immigrants from Africa and the Middle East has doubled. 75% of Australians live an urban lifestyle, concentrated in capitals and major coastal cities.
The basic principles of Australia's cultural diversity policy are as follows:

The Australian Government's concern and recognition of the benefits of cultural diversity for all Australians in light of democratic values.

The Australian Government's commitment to ensuring that everyone has access to the opportunities and services that Australia offers.

The Australian Government's interest in the economic, commercial and investment benefits of cultural diversity.

The Australian Government is keen to promote awareness and acceptance in its efforts to combat racial discrimination with all its might.

Australia's official language

English is considered the national language, the most widespread among members of society, and the most important unifying factor for them. The most common language spoken by children after English is Arabic followed by Vietnamese, Greek, Chinese and Hindi. Australians speak more than 200 languages, including indigenous languages.

Society, lifestyle and shared values

Australia strongly adheres to the principle of fairness which ensures that no one is disadvantaged or discriminated against on the basis of their country of origin, cultural heritage, language, gender or religious beliefs. The Australian community is an egalitarian society and is committed to the shared principles and values ​​that underpin the Australian way of life, the most important of which are equality, freedom of expression, equality before the law, equality between men and women and equal opportunity.

Law and Public Order Societal Behavior in Australia

It is governed by a mixture of formal laws and social norms. Everyone in Australia must abide by the country's laws or face criminal and civil penalties. Serious criminal offenses include: murder, physical assault, sexual abuse of children, violence against persons and property, armed robbery or theft, dangerous driving, possession and use of drugs, fraud and sex with a minor (the legal age is 16 in NSW, but varies from state to state). Smoking and the use of alcohol are permitted, but there are numerous restrictions on smoking and the use of alcohol in public places. There is no death penalty in Australia.

Australia arts

Australia has a vibrant artistic movement that reflects the traditions and culture of the indigenous peoples and the diverse cultures of immigrants, and is enriched by all forms of visual, theatrical, performing, film, dance and music arts. Among Australians' most favorite forms of art are cinema, concerts, art galleries, museums, operas and live theatrical performances.

The most important foods in Australia

Australia has the largest variety of international foods brought by immigrant cultures from Asia, Europe and the Middle East that are distinguished by their high quality and great taste. Several new food industries have been established to cater to the growing Australian taste, diversified by exotic food types and cultures. Australians enjoy a wide range of seafood, which is served ready-made in restaurants or cooked at home.

And abound in Australia Italian, Chinese, Indonesian, Japanese, Greek, Thai, French, Arabic and Vietnamese restaurants. Arabic food in particular is witnessing a rapid boom, as Moroccan and Lebanese foods are mixed with local contents and materials in public restaurants, which has been very popular with Australians and other communities.

Health care in Australia

Medicare, the Australian health care system operated and funded by the Australian Government, provides free health care to Australian permanent residents and citizens in government hospitals. There is also a private health insurance scheme that provides health insurance coverage for visitors, employees under contract with Australian employers and diplomats temporarily residing in Australia, known as Overseas Visitor Health Insurance (OVHC). OSHC also provides insurance coverage for international students studying at Australian universities through a wide range of private health insurance companies.

Entry visa to Australia

It is self-evident during your search for information about Australia to learn about the entry visa to Australia and how to obtain it, as the visa is divided into two types:

Tourist visa if the study in Australia is less than 12 weeks.

Student visa in case the study is more than 12 weeks. The duration of obtaining a student visa takes from 4 to 8 weeks.

You can obtain an entry visa to Australia after preparing the following documents:

A passport valid for a period of no less than six months.

Recent photographs with a white background.

Bank account statement for the last six months.

Australia visa application form.

Tourism in Australia

Beautiful landscapes and wonderful weather, including ancient coastal regions and vivid rainforests, make Australia a favorite and attractive tourist destination. About six million tourists come to Australia annually, attracted by the beautiful beaches, rare plants, friendly people and relaxed environment. There are about 9,700 nature reserves and national parks in Australia. Tourist areas that reflect Aboriginal culture are among the attractions in Australia.
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