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What do you know about the Australian kangaroo (forest boxer) |newsyel

What do you know about the Australian kangaroo (forest boxer) |newsyel

What do you know about the Australian kangaroo (forest boxer)

The Australian Dunkeld residents were surprised by dozens of kangaroos that were brutally killed, as they were shot, their heads and limbs cut off, which sparked panic and prompted the residents to demand that the "butcher" be found.

Residents found about 40 kangaroos killed on the night of November 21 and December 3, without being able to identify the attacker.

The non-profit organization, Animals Australia, stated that between 40,000 and 60,000 kangaroos are killed annually, pointing out that this number has tripled after the state of Victoria authorized the killing of kangaroos.

Australian woodland five-footed boxers 50 million people inhabit the islands of the Indian Ocean The kangaroo people... the five-footed Australian woodland boxers

A small head, prominent lips, and large ears, carried by a huge body, with a pouch inside a child, often seen in the wild, jumping like frogs, and sometimes standing like a human in the middle of the roads, often exposed to a condition similar to genetically acquired blindness, which increases with the lighting of the headlights of cars, which It leads to accidents that may put him or the passengers of those cars at risk.

What family does kangaroo belong to?

The kangaroo is one of the marsupial or cystic mammals that belong to the family Macropodidae, which is scientifically called "Thylogale", and it belongs to the order of frontal diploids, which includes nearly 90 species and families of different colors and sizes, and is spread on the island of Australia and Guinea. The number of kangaroos is estimated at 50 million, including 43.5 million on the island of Australia, according to the Australian government's own statistics, so some consider them to be the original inhabitants of that island state.

Mobs or troops and sometimes herds, this is how kangaroos were known, they live in groups and herds, dominated by the most powerful male and control over them, and usually choose arid and semi-arid areas to live in, because of their ability to withstand thirst as camels, and that is due to the relative inactivity they live during During the day, the plants extract little water, and they are able to ruminate food like cows, especially since they have a stomach divided into multiple compartments, which enables them to recover the food they swallowed, then re-chew it, to swallow it again to start the final digestion of the food.

Mobs or troops and sometimes herds, this is how kangaroos were known, they live in groups and herds, dominated by the most powerful male and control over them, and usually choose arid and semi-arid areas to live in, because of their ability to withstand thirst as camels, and that is due to the relative inactivity they live during During the day, the plants extract little water, and they are able to ruminate food like cows, especially since they have a stomach divided into multiple compartments, which enables them to recover the food they swallowed, then re-chew it, to swallow it again to start the final digestion of the food.

What is characteristic of kangaroo?

Kangaroos are characterized by large, strong hind feet, supported by flexible tendons that make them able to jump distances of up to seven meters, without making much effort, helped by a long muscular tail that maintains their balance, and sometimes becomes a fifth leg on which they rest, and their front feet are short It has five fingers, unlike the four-toed hindquarters, and is distinguished by its sharp claws.

As for the female kangaroo, it is characterized by that pouch or skin bag in the abdominal area, which is a container in which her newborn lives until its growth is complete, except for the day on which it is born, and before it is born, it has the ability to freeze it inside its womb before it completes its growth, in a process called the dormancy or dormancy phase. , in periods of drought and the absence of food sources, in order to ensure their young live in a better climate, and what is more, the males also have the ability to stop the production of sperm under the same conditions.

After mating, the baby kangaroo develops inside the mother’s body for a period ranging between 30 or 40 days, especially since the fertilized egg remains dormant for some time in the female’s uterus before it begins to grow, in what is called “late implantation”, and the pregnancy period usually ranges between 21 to 38 days, less than two days after birth, the mother lies on her back, and cleans the abdomen and the pouch from the inside with her tongue, in preparation for receiving her little one, who is born very small, as it does not exceed 2 centimeters in length, and weighs only 8 grams, and then moves alone, moving inside the birth tunnel using his front feet Until it reaches the mother's pouch, then attaches to his milk nipple, and thus the young live inside the pouch for a period ranging from 190 to 450 days.

kangaroo life

Throughout the life of a young kangaroo inside the mother’s pouch, it can come out after the 190th day after it grows a little fur, and as soon as it grows a little, it begins to leave the pouch for longer times, but often returns quickly if it feels threatened, and runs jumping inside its mother’s pouch for protection, and in many cases it has to The mother is to breastfeed two young children of different ages at the same time, due to her ability to produce two types of milk according to the age of the young, and unfortunately, that young one may be subjected to predation by some carnivorous reptiles, such as giant goanna lizards, wild dogs, foxes, and wild cats.

forest boxer

It was not a comical description of kangaroos, but a real one that distinguished it. Males often wrestle by punching the front feet, and sometimes the hind feet are also used, which are characterized by sharp claws capable of ripping off the opponent's guts, and often do so to dominate and control the herd. The people of Australia appreciated these funny fights, so they trained him and presented his matches in the world of boxing in the circus. In case of danger, he hits the ground with his feet forcefully, and then makes various sounds such as snoring, coughing, and hissing, and the female makes clattering and crackling sounds to summon her young to protect her from danger.

kangaroo laws

This law considers it necessary to reduce the numbers of kangaroos, as they devour agricultural crops for farmers, and pose a danger to motorists, and may live in areas close to schools, which may pose a danger to children.

According to the Australian Kangaroo Society, kangaroo hunters get 10 Australian dollars for meat, and another 10 for skin.

In addition, kangaroos are also hunted for commercial purposes across 6 Australian states.

Another definition of kangaroo

One of the largest marsupials, of which the female has a pocket in her stomach to take care of the young, with a length of 2 m, and a weight of up to 90 kg, and the kangaroo belongs to the family (Macropodidae), which means the big foot.[1] It also covers its body with short hair that is often colored. Light brown to dark brown, and in some species it is red or gray, and has a long tail that helps it balance and swimming, and the kangaroo is characterized by having a strong sense of hearing and sight. Kangaroos are fast animals, their speed may reach 60 km / h, and from It is noteworthy that the kangaroo only moves forward, as it cannot go back or move backward, and the kangaroo lives in groups called the herd, and the Australian continent is considered its original home.

Where are the kangaroos?

The kangaroo is abundant in Australia, with its numbers ranging between 40-50 million, so it has become a national symbol of the country, so you can see its images engraved on the national currency, the logos of sports teams, and many Australian institutions and organizations.

types of kangaroo

Red kangaroo The red kangaroo is one of the largest marsupial animals among other species, and its scientific name (Macropus rufus) reaches an average age of about 23 years, and its weight is about 91 kg, and its length with the head ranges between 1-1.6 m, and the length of the tail varies between 90-110 cm.

The eastern gray kangaroo, with its scientific name (Macropus giganteus), is distinguished by its light gray color, dark face, and there is a dark area on the tail. The length of the male is 1.3 m, while the female is about 1 m, and the length of the tail is about 0.84 m.

The western gray kangaroo (Macropus fuliginosus) is distinguished by its reddish-brown color, with a length of about 2 m from head to tail, and weighing up to 54 kg for males, and 28 kg for females, and the height of its body and tail varies between 180-210 cm.

The furry kangaroo This kangaroo is known as antelope, and its scientific name is (Macropus antilophius), and it seems that its name came from the quality of the fur that covers its body, which can be compared to the fur of antelopes, in terms of color and texture, as the color of the fur tends to reddish, and at the chest area becomes The color is light, while the females are gray, ranging from dark to light.

The furry kangaroo is smaller than the red kangaroo. The length of an adult male is about 1.8 m, while it weighs up to 70 kg for males, and about 30 kg for females, with an average lifespan of only 16 years.

kangaroo physical traits

The kangaroo is characterized by a set of morphological traits, as follows: The kangaroo has strong and long hind legs, which it uses to jump long distances and a great height. It has a distinctive structure in relation to the toes, as each hind foot consists of four individual toes, the big toe bears the weight of its entire body. In his hand he has five fingers, each with a sharp claw. It has a distinctive body, its back is arched, its head is relatively small, and its ears are rather large and round in shape. Possessing a long and thick tail at the same time, it serves as a third leg that it uses for balance and standing. The length of one jump is about 8 m.

kangaroo behavioral traits

Kangaroos have distinctive behavioral characteristics, the most prominent of which are the following: Kangaroos are social animals that prefer to live in groups ranging from 10-100 individuals, for the purposes of providing protection. The family structure consists mostly of a male and a female and their young, and a female may have more than one male during her lifetime. The kangaroo hits its tail on the ground if it senses an imminent danger to it or the group. Kangaroos communicate with group members in different ways such as eye contact; or touch; Or smell, and make distinctive sounds.

Males and females sometimes fight among themselves for food. Males fight with each other to win the female, as one of them challenges the other, and the other party accepts the challenge or refuses, and the fight is usually by standing on the tail and boxing with the hands. The kangaroo is more active at night, and it has the ability to eat at various times, and it remains within the range of the group and does not leave it unless it is in danger.

kangaroo life cycle

The life cycle of a kangaroo begins with sexual reproduction between a male and a female when it is in the fertile stage, then a baby kangaroo is born after a not long gestation period, and the developing fetus lives in the mother’s follicle, and it should be noted that the life cycle of a kangaroo differs from the cycle of other mammals, as follows The stage of development of the fetus: The male fertilizes the egg to develop into a fetus, but this fetus does not have a placenta, as it grows inside a sac similar to the yolk sac. The birth canal, through the mother's fur to the bursa.

When the fetus reaches the mother's pouch, about 2.54 cm long, it attaches to one of the mother's nipples to receive nourishment, for a period of up to six months. Infancy After the six-month period, the kangaroo is able to peek out from its mother’s pouch, to look at the world around it, and then get out of the follicle to be independent from the mother, and get its own food, but at first it returns to the mother’s follicle for breastfeeding and sleep, and after this period In a month to a month and a half, the follicle is left completely to become independent by itself, the stage of puberty. The little kangaroo remains inside its mother’s pouch for about 8 and a half months, and it comes out from time to time, and after the end of this period, it moves on with its life,

As it then becomes an independent adult kangaroo, it does not yet return to the pouch and the young sexually matures at the age of five years, but it may differ for the female, as it may range from 17 months to 5 years

kangaroo mating

The male begins by smelling the female’s anal area, as well as her pouch. If the female accepts, the male will mate, but if she does not want him, he will leave her and leave, and if the female accepts the male, she urinates and the male steps forward to smell her urine, then the male hits the tail The female moves away from him, and this process is repeated until intercourse occurs between them.

The birth of a kangaroo After the month of pregnancy is completed, the mother takes a sitting position, as the child comes out of a hole at the end of the tail area, and it is very small and pink, it has two front arms that it uses to climb into the mother’s pouch, and it attaches to the end of the mother’s nipple to feed, to open the nipple automatically and secrete milk in His mouth is slow, because he does not have strong muscles to help him feed.

kangaroo home

Australia, Tasmania and the surrounding islands are considered the homeland of the kangaroo, and each of the four types of kangaroo mentioned above has a geographical range. The red kangaroo is found throughout Australia, especially in the open plains, while the gray kangaroo lives in eastern and western Australia, and the fur kangaroo lives in the northern regions of the Australia.

It is worth noting that kangaroos prefer various habitats, including grasslands, forests, bushes, or even those areas devoid of any trees, and kangaroos are among the animals that adapt to various hot and dry weather conditions, and can survive without water for long periods of time.

kangaroo body characteristics

The kangaroo is one of the largest marsupial animals on the surface of the earth. It is classified into four main types. It is found abundantly in Australia. It has many physical characteristics that enable it to jump to great heights. The female is distinguished by its pouch containing mammary glands. Small kangaroos can Live inside it for about 8 months until it is grown and ready to move out and be independent from its mother.