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What do you know about the country of Canada?.newsyel

What do you know on Canada?

What do you know about the country of Canada?.newsyel

Geographical location of Canada

It is a country located within the North American continent and extends across large areas covering about 9.98 million square kilometers, making it the second largest country in the world in terms of total area. The official capital of the country, Canada is one of the sparsely populated countries for its area, where forests and tundra dominate most of its land area. The climate in Canada varies greatly, ranging from arctic climate in the north to hot climate in the southern regions.

Canada's history

The country was known in the past as a land contested by two great powers in Europe, England and France, and earlier the name Canada was used as a synonym for New France, which included all the French colonies located along the Saint Lawrence River between 1534 and 1763 AD, and after the British occupation of New France was launched The name Quebec on the State of Canada, and then the name Canada was re-used after 1791 when Britain divided Quebec into two provinces, the Province of Upper Canada and the Province of Lower Canada. This union is the name of the Dominion of Canada,

This law allowed for the status of sovereignty for Canada with a large degree of autonomy, with the exception of issues related to international diplomacy and the conduct of military alliances, which were subject to the sovereignty of Britain, and since 1931, Canada has enjoyed absolute self-governance within the borders of the British Empire, but the full legislative independence of the country was not achieved before a year 1982 when the country was given the full right to amend the articles of its constitution.

Canada's population, according to United Nations estimates

Canada's population in 2005 was about 32 million, making it 36th out of 193 countries in the world in terms of population, and in 2005 nearly 13% of the population was over the age of 65 and 18% of the population was under the age of 15 The number of males per 100 females in the country is 98, and according to the United Nations, the annual population change rate for the period from 2005 to 2010 is expected to be about 0.3%, a percentage considered satisfactory by the government. According to statistics,

 the population density in the country was three people per square kilometer. The United Nations estimated that 79% of the population lived in urban areas in 2005 and that urban areas were growing at an annual rate of 1.05%, while the population of the capital, Ottawa, was 1,093,000.

Customs, traditions, population and culture in Canada

Here's what you can expect when you consider traveling to Canada. Canada is known for its beautiful landscapes (particularly its extensive mountain ranges), its rich history, and its diverse mix of people and cultures.

Canada is the second largest country in the world by area, stretching from the United States in the south to the Arctic Circle in the north.

Canada consists of ten provinces and three territories, and its capital is Ottawa, but there are other major cities such as Vancouver, Toronto, as well as French-speaking Quebec and Montreal.

Canada is a bilingual country, with English and French the official languages, but most people speak English at home. You may hear some common Canadian slang words like loonie (dollar coin), chinook (a warm wind from the mountains in the middle of winter) and Hog Town (the nickname for Toronto).

Indigenous culture in Canada

There are three different groups of patients in Canada - the United Nations, the Inuit, and the Métis.

The First Nations people settled in Canada over 15,000 years ago and formed many different communities, each with its own different customs, culture, and personality. There are currently 634 recognized First Nations governments or groups throughout Canada, with the majority concentrated in British Columbia and Ontario.

As for the Métis, their origins are descended from the unions that took place between the peoples of the First Nations and the Europeans, most of whom were French merchants. While the Métis speak mainly English nowadays, you may hear some Métis speak the French Métis language, Michif, especially with the increasing interest of people in preserving traditional languages ​​and culture.

Descended from the Thule culture, the Inuit live in the arctic regions of Greenland, Canada, and Alaska.

Weather in Canada

When you think of the weather in Canada, you might think of freezing cold and snow, but that's not always the case; Because Canada's weather is as diverse as its landscape.

In general, you will experience the following weather conditions in each season:

Summer (June to August) - The weather is usually warm to hot, with daytime temperatures ranging from 20-30°C or more.

Autumn (September-November) - the weather starts cool and there is heavy rain.

Winter (December to February) - Winters are very cold, and temperatures are usually well below freezing throughout the day.

Spring (March to May) - The weather starts warm and the weather throughout the day is very pleasant.

Remember to move your clock forward one hour on the second Sunday in March, because that day is the start of daylight saving time in most of Canada. The daylight saving time feature allows you to make the most of the warmer weather in the spring, summer and fall, when the days are longer.

Canadian politics and government

Canada's system is a constitutional monarchy, which means that all decisions are made by the government and the democratically elected prime minister. The Head of State of Canada is the Queen of the British Royal Family, and is represented in Canada by the Governor General.

There are three levels of government in Canada:

Federal government - headed by the Prime Minister. The federal government handles national and international issues such as national defense and foreign affairs.

Provincial and Provincial Governments - The government of each county or county is responsible for the administration of its lands and has the power to change its local laws.

Municipal (local governments) – govern individual cities, towns, or counties, and are usually responsible for things such as roads, emergency services, public transportation, and some local health and social services.
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