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Who is Italy, where is the geographical location and how many people are there|newsyel

Where is Italy located on the map?

Who is Italy, where is the geographical location and how many people are there|newsyel

Italy's location on the Mediterranean has played an important role in its millennia-old history.

This location made the Italian peninsula a trading center where the trade routes of various ancient civilizations met, and made Rome the center of a huge empire that lasted for centuries and ruled the Western world.

Below we take a quick look at the geography and location of Italy on the map.

How big is Italy?

The total area of Italy is 301,340 km2, of which 294,140 km are land, while the water area is 7,200 km2, and the main lands of Italy extend south to the Mediterranean Sea as a long peninsula, surrounded on the west by the Tyrrhenian Sea, on the east by the Adriatic Sea, on the south by the Ionian Sea, and bordered by France , Switzerland, Austria, and Slovenia are represented by the Alps mountain range from the north, and there are several islands belonging to Italy; The largest are Sicily (25,708 km2) and Sardinia (24,090 km2).

History of Italy

Man settled Italy nearly two hundred thousand years ago, and by the seventh century BC the Greeks began to establish colonies on the coasts of Sicily and southern Italy in what was known as Greater Greece. Founded on its cultural heritage Western civilization in general.

What is the capital of Italy?

Rome is the official capital of Italy since 1871 AD, and it was the capital of the ancient Roman Empire. Rome is located in the center of the Italian state, near the Tiber River. Rome is the largest city in the Italian state, with a population of 2,555,000 people. History of Rome There are still differences between historians and archaeologists about the date of building the city of Rome. Some analyzes indicate that Emperor Romulus built it in 753 BC, and some historians indicate that it was built in the eighth century BC.

Climate in Italy

In general, Italy has four seasons. On the coast, the climate is mild with rainy winters and hot, dry summers. The inland regions and the mountains are cooler, the winters are cold, the summers are warm and the rains are heavy, which fall mostly in the spring and autumn, with heavy snow in the mountains. The coldest period is from December to January, the hottest from July to August.

Winter temperatures range from below zero in the north to 18°C ​​in Sicily, while summer temperatures are often similar from north to south from 24°C to 30°C. The eastern coast of the Italian peninsula is not as wet as the western coast, but it is usually cooler in winter. Annual precipitation varies from about 50 cm per year, on the southeastern coast and in Sicily and Sardinia, to more than 200 cm in the Alps.

The language in Italy

Italian is a Romance language that originated from the Latin spoken by the ancient Romans. Italian is very close to other Romance languages: 89% of its vocabulary is shared with French, 88% with Catalan, 82% with Spanish and Portuguese, and 77% with Romanian. If you speak one of these languages, it will be easier for you to understand and learn Italian.

Standard Italian is based on the writings of the Tuscan Book (Tuscan, Standard Italian) in the 12th century. However, only in the 19th century did it become the primary language of newly unified Italy (with 2.5% of the population able to speak the language at that time). Nowadays, Italian is the official language and is spoken by the majority of people. Almost every Italian region has its own regional dialect (Sicilian, Roman, Venetian, Neapolitan, etc.).

It is estimated that about half of the Italian population first learn the dialect and then learn MSA in primary school. However, primary Italian remains the only written language.

Italian is the fourth most taught language in the world. The Italian alphabet has 21 letters. The letters j, k, w, x and y do not exist in regular Italian, except for loanwords (such as jeans). It is often said that Italians sing when they speak. This is because most Italian words end with a vowel.

Italian political system

Italy is a parliamentary democratic republic (from 1946), with a multi-party system. There are three branches of power in Italy: executive, legislative and judicial.

The president (currently Sergio Mattarella is the head of state, although this is a large ceremonial role. The president is not elected by the people, but by secret vote by Parliament and regional representatives and serves for seven years. The duties of the president are to name the prime minister (although the It usually happens after a general election), calling an election, calling a referendum, putting laws into practice (although they were created and approved by others).

The Prime Minister has the most important job in the country, and he presides over the Council of Ministers. The council holds executive power in Italy. Ministers are responsible for implementing laws and other political decisions.
Legislative power belongs to Parliament,

Its main function is to make laws. The Italian Parliament consists of two houses with equal powers: the Chamber of Deputies and the Senate. Italian citizens elect members of Parliament every five years in elections. The judicial power belongs to the judges, and they are responsible for implementing the laws passed by Parliament.

Italian unification

National movements took place to unify Italy in the mid-nineteenth century, and in 1866 Victor Emmanuel II joined Prussia in the Austro-Prussian War, and was able to annex Venice to the Kingdom of Italy, and in 1870 France withdrew from large parts of Italian territory during the Franco-Prussian War, allowing the king The Italian expanded his kingdom and annexed other parts of the Italian lands, and a few years later Rome was annexed to the kingdom, and the capital moved from Florence to it, and the system of government became a parliamentary monarchy.