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What is hosting?


There is no doubt that you hear a lot about hosting, web hosting, web hosting, or even the host. What is meant by web hosting, what types are available in hosting companies, and why do we need hosting? How much does hosting cost? What is the difference between domain and hosting?

Hosting means renting space (part) of a computer or server with high specifications of a processor, space, and speed of Internet connection, and hosting companies provide such computers. This is the space you use to upload or place your websites on.

This is because your websites contain images, text and files and these components have a size and take up space from those computers like files and programs on your computer.

Hosting



Can my PC be used to host my websites on it?


Yes, it is possible, but it is complicated and not easy, as it requires excellent specifications in your computer and a permanent connection to the Internet without interruption, except for the protection you need for your computer and the files on it from penetration and so on. It's frankly complicated and expensive.

Types of web hosting by operating system Hosting can be classified according to the operating system into two types:

Linux Hosting: It is the most common and widely used and supports php and other sites and is more flexible due to its common use and cPanel control panel.

Windows Hosting: It is used by government websites and is more expensive than Linux hosting, and the main control panel in it is Plesk, and often the link to the site that works on Windows hosting ends with aspx I always advise beginners to host that runs on the Linux operating system because it is easier, less expensive and more flexible.

Types of hosting according to resources and specifications


Shared web hosting: 
It is the most common and widespread basic type and the least expensive. Quite simply, you can review the guide of the 10 best hosting companies by reading an article

Virtual Private Server - VPS:
 The type that comes after shared hosting in price and spread is more expensive.

Dedicated Servers: 
It is the most expensive and least prevalent, and large sites depend on it. In order to distinguish and better understand between the previous three types in terms of space and resources: integrated servers can be considered in a residential building, virtual private servers on one floor in architecture, and shared hosting in a single apartment on the floor, which is definitely the least space and resources. There is another type, or rather a technology that makes each type of the above better, which is cloud hosting, such as shared cloud hosting and cloud virtual private server.

The benefit of this technology enables your websites to use the resources of more than one computer. For example, cloud shared hosting can be compared to half an apartment in a residential building and another half an apartment from another apartment building, thus you have used an area of ​​two buildings and not one building. Is the meaning clear? If not, do not hesitate to leave an inquiry in the comments, as the hosting consultant should ask the questions of his valued visitors.

You may hear of WordPress hosting, which is mostly shared hosting, but it is only dedicated to the WordPress script, and its price is significantly more expensive than normal shared hosting because it has more services such as daily automatic backups and technical support specialized in the script itself.

It is correct to always start with shared hosting and then move to the most advanced if necessary. It is rarely required.

Web Hosting Resources


There are a lot of resources in web hosting but the most important and the easiest are: First: Disk Space: It means the total size allowed to be used on your sites of files, images, text and anything on your site, whether you see it alone or visitors.

Bandwidth


It means the amount of data transferred to and from the site per month. The closest example of bandwidth is what is your share in the subscription to the Internet provider that you use per month? Is it 100 GB or 1 TB or something else, whether you upload (your link) or download (send) files from the Internet? This is the bandwidth. The bandwidth of your hosting is equal to the number of times the file has been downloaded (no matter what it is) multiplied by the size of the file itself.

Let's consider that your website is only an image and a small text only, the text size with the image is 5 MB, done until now? Let's continue: Your site has been visited by 1,000 people, so the number of times the image and small text have been uploaded is 1,000.
5 MB x 1000 = 5000 MB

The hosting company sets the allowed bandwidth for hosting with a number of gigabytes, or it is unlimited. And if you exceed the allowed bandwidth, your site will stop working and to get it back to work, you will have to pay additional amounts.

What if your image and small text are 10MB and visit your site by 500 people per month?

 How much is the bandwidth consumed in this case?

It should be mentioned that the bandwidth is automatically renewed monthly, meaning that its counter returns to zero at the beginning of the month, or rather after a month has passed since you purchased the hosting.

Are those just the resources in web hosting? Of course not, but this is one of the most important resources through which hosting can be classified into types.

Specifications in hosting


The two most important specifications that a hosting company must have are:

First: Ensure that your sites remain lit by at least 99.9%: This specification must be available in any hosting company, otherwise the hosting is bad. If the company does not guarantee you to ensure that your sites remain operational at least by 99.9%, you will waste a lot of your visitors. How is that?

Ensuring that your sites remain operational is against technical errors in the hosting itself and not against your own mistakes in your sites, which can lead to the suspension of your websites.

Suppose that your site is working and fine, but at two o'clock in the afternoon of such a day (probably the most visited time on your site) a technical error occurred in the hosting that led to the suspension of your site. You can imagine how many visitors lost. Especially the visitors do not like to see the website is down.

Hosting technical support


The hosting company must provide technical support to its customers, otherwise it is very bad, and within technical support, two important things are included: the speed of response and response to the customer’s problem and the expertise of technical support in providing support in the easiest and fastest way. The most important way for technical support is tickets, phone and instant chat comes last.

From the above, we can know that shared hosting is the least resource, most of which are virtual private servers, and most of the two are integrated servers. Are these only the important specifications, the answer is of course not, here is an article on the criteria for choosing the best hosting.

Among the best hosting companies in terms of technical support: GreenJacks, Bluehost and Interserver.

The difference between domain and hosting


The domain is the website address without which you cannot access the site, which is as browsers understand it, domain systems understand it, and visitors understand it.

You might say that I can use the Google search engine to find a specific site? He explained to you, would the Google search engine have shown you the site if it was without a domain?!

As for hosting, it means what your site contains of - I will not just say files, but - things, whether they are viewable by visitors or not.

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