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Ukraine and Russia crisis destroys an oil refinery near Odessa

Ukraine and Russia crisis destroys an oil refinery near Odessa

Ukraine and Russia crisis destroys an oil refinery near Odessa

Smoke rises from an oil refinery near Odessa, Ukraine Russia announced on Sunday that it had destroyed an oil refinery near the coastal region of Odessa that was used to supply fuel to Ukrainian forces near Mykolaiv.

The Russian Defense Ministry said that missile strikes by its army destroyed an oil refinery and 3 fuel depots near the Ukrainian Black Sea region of Odessa on Sunday, adding that Ukraine used these facilities to provide its forces with supplies near the city of Mykolaiv.

The Russian Interfax news agency quoted the ministry as saying that high-precision missiles launched from the sea and the air destroyed an oil refinery and 3 fuel depots in the Odessa region.

For its part, the Odessa City Council announced, in a post on the Internet, that missiles hit the city in the early hours of Sunday morning. A spokesman for the regional administration, Sergei Prachuk, told Ukrainian public radio that one of the "important infrastructure facilities" in the city had been bombed.

Reuters reported earlier on Sunday that multiple explosions targeted the coastal city of Odessa in southern Ukraine, noting that smoke was seen rising in the city in the early hours of Sunday morning.

This comes as the General Staff of the Ukrainian Armed Forces announced a reduction in the intensity of Russian air and missile attacks, saying that Moscow continued to withdraw its units through northern Ukraine.

The pioneers of social networking sites shared a video of the explosions, which they said occurred in Odessa.

 The authority stated in a post on "Facebook" that the withdrawing Russian forces were spreading mines on roads and in some towns, according to its claim.

Odessa, with its strategic location and port, is a major target of the Russian forces in the operation in the military operation they are implementing in Ukraine, and has been the scene of several recent confrontations between Ukrainian and Russian forces.
Evacuation attempts from Mariupol continue today.

On the other hand, Ukrainian Deputy Prime Minister Irina Vereshchuk said that work to evacuate residents with the help of the Red Cross from Mariupol will continue on Sunday as buses try to approach the besieged city.

"Seven buses will attempt to approach Mariupol, escorted by the International Committee of the Red Cross," Vereshchuk added in a video clip posted on the Internet, according to Reuters. 

She said 17 buses would be ready to evacuate people from Mariupol and Berdyansk. Geography of Crimea.

The "lethal" Russian missile... Has it entered the Ukraine war scene?

Moscow and Kiev exchanged accusations about the use of the "Tochka-U" ballistic missile, which military experts describe as "terrifying and deadly" during the current war.

A battle of words erupted between the two parties, which reached the Security Council and the United Nations over the publication of reports that the Russian army had restored the Tochka-U tactical missiles in Ukraine, but Moscow denied this.

Battle details

A few days ago, pictures and video clips spread through social media showing a column of Russian vehicles moving from Reshetsa towards the Ukrainian Gomel, some of them carrying large missiles that were raised on military vehicles to strike military targets. Kyiv said that they bombed residential areas in Avdiivka.

It says that the Russian forces bombed residential areas in Avdiivka with artillery and "Tochka U" missiles, pointing out that the Russians target residential neighborhoods in Lugansk with heavy weapons. 

As for Russia, Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov responded, expressing his disappointment at the silence of European leaders and the United States over the bombing of the city center of Donetsk by Ukrainians, and "the atrocities committed there by the Ukrainian army" with cluster bombs and Tochka missiles.

The city center of Donetsk was bombed last Monday, killing 20 people and wounding 36 others. 

The leader of the pro-Russian separatist region, Denis Pushilin, said the missile was equipped with cluster munitions. 

The Mayor of Donetsk, Alexei Kolymzin, says that a Ukrainian "Tochka-U" missile was shot down near the government headquarters in the city center.

He added that the "Tochka-U" missile is a Ukrainian cluster missile, which opens in the air and disperses its munitions over a large area, and they explode when they reach the ground, which causes severe damage to humans and facilities.

 Russian Defense Ministry spokesman Igor Konashenkov also said that the bombing of Donetsk with cluster bombs indicates that the goal of the Ukrainian 

forces is to kill as many civilians as possible. Ukrainian forces use these Soviet-made tactical missiles to bomb civilian facilities and vital infrastructure sites in the Donetsk and Lugansk People's Republics, according to the Russian defense.

Investigation Committee

On March 30, the United Nations announced the appointment of an independent commission of three human rights experts to investigate possible crimes and abuses during the conflict in Ukraine, at the request of Kyiv and its Western allies.

 On March 16, Russian officials confirmed in their letter to the Security Council and the United Nations General Assembly that the Tochka-U tactical missiles were not in service with the Russian armed forces.

 "It should be noted that the Tochka-U tactical missiles are not in service in the Russian Armed Forces," the letter reads.

"The Tochka-U short-range ballistic missile system was officially withdrawn from service in the Russian army in 2019," the Russian Defense added.

 But according to observers, the military operation forced Moscow to return this missile to service again.

What is the Tochka missile?

Tochka is a mobile missile launch system, designed to be deployed with other ground combat units on the battlefield.

 The missile can be used to launch precision strikes on enemy tactical targets, such as control centers, bridges, storage facilities, troop concentrations, and airports, according to military reports.

 The fragmentation warhead can be replaced by a nuclear, biological or chemical warhead, and it works on solid fuel, which facilitates the maintenance and deployment of the missile.

It is also a tactical ballistic missile mounted on a TEL mobile missile platform prior to launch, and uses an inertial navigation system and digital guidance.

Other specifications of Tochka

 The Tochka-U began to be used in 1981 and has a range of about 70 kilometers for the A version and 185 kilometers for the C version. 

It was made to replace the Russian Frog-7 series of unguided missiles. The first generation missile has a length of 5.6 meters, a diameter of 65 cm, a weight of 2 tons, and a speed of 5 times the speed of sound.

 The missile works on solid fuel and can be launched vertically, and it can be equipped and launched within 15 minutes.

Although production began 45 years ago, the Tochka missile system, according to military experts, is currently one of the most effective systems of its class.

 The Tochka missile is considered one of the missiles with efficiency in hitting targets. In terms of its characteristics, it is a short-range ballistic missile made in Russia.

 The Tochka missile system is also characterized by its ability to carry different types of explosive warheads, weighing more than half a ton, and it explodes 16 meters above the target, creating a high destructive force.

The first test-fire was conducted in 1971, when two missiles were launched, and the process was successful. The series of tests continued until 1973, and it entered active service in the Soviet Army in 1976.

 Referring to the circulated pictures and its use by the Russian army, according to press reports, they belong to exercises held by the Ukrainian army in the Kherson region, eastern Ukraine, in April 2021.

Postponing a US missile test, and how will Russia receive the message of calm?

Archives of a US missile test In a move that is the second of its kind in just one month, and observers interpreted it as two calming gestures sent by Washington to Moscow, the US military canceled a test of an intercontinental ballistic missile, "Minuteman 3", after it had announced in early March that it had been postponed in an attempt to ease tension. with Russia.

Observers and military experts believe that this American postponement of the military test will undoubtedly contribute to easing the tension and tension in the scene of international relations against the backdrop of the Ukrainian crisis, and will be received by Russia with tacit satisfaction that may not be announced, which may open the door to attempts to bring Washington's two points of view closer Moscow and the two opposites of the war in Ukraine and ways to stop it.

It is launched in the state of California and is located in the ocean, but given the current crisis and the atmosphere of war that hangs over the international scene, in light of the Russian-Ukrainian war, America is afraid, if it conducts these experiments, that it will give wrong messages and negatively reflect on that crisis and make it more complicated and inflamed, nor Especially in the areas where these test-fire missiles fall."

The strategic military expert added: "In the area of ​​the ocean in which these experiments take place and the vital spaces close to it, there are severe problems between Russia and Japan over the disputed Kuril Islands, in addition to military maneuvers between the United States and the Philippines in the eastern South China Sea, and these areas are traditionally hotbeds of tension and contact. International relations between Washington and NATO on the one hand, and Moscow and Beijing on the other.

And he indicated that "wars of all kinds often take direct military forms. In the end, they seek to produce new equations and facts, and they only erupt in the context of working to achieve the agendas and interests of their igniters, and this is not necessarily achieved through direct war or military confrontation."

There is a keenness on the part of the various parties to the Ukrainian crisis and its major actors, to keep this war in its current contexts and to prevent it from turning into a broader conflict and a comprehensive confrontation and a global war between the West and Russia, and thus countries such as China and India may enter into it.

 They seek to keep this military confrontation on its Ukrainian borders as a confrontation confined to a specific country.

In this regard, it can be observed and read that the diplomatic chances of a solution are in progress, as al-Hamdani explains: “The Russians confirm that negotiations are progressing, albeit slowly with Kyiv, and this is what is encouraged by various European countries, with the aim of besieging and extinguishing the Ukrainian fire before it spreads its tongues towards Europe and the world as a whole. 

And even US President Joe Biden, when he angrily stated that Russian President Vladimir Putin should get out of power, the White House was forced to intervene and try to remedy his dangerous escalatory words, lest such a situation cause an expansion of the war.

The Pentagon had initially announced the postponement of the test on March 2 after Russia said it had declared a state of high alert in its nuclear forces.

Washington said at the time that it was important for both the United States and Russia "to take into account the danger posed by miscalculation and to take steps to reduce these dangers.

" "In an effort to show that we have no
 intention of engaging in any actions that could be misunderstood or misinterpreted, the Secretary of Defense has directed that the scheduled test launch of the Minuteman 3 ICBM be postponed," Pentagon spokesman John Kirby noted.

But Washington publicly expressed its intention to postpone the test only "for a while" and not to cancel it, as Air Force spokeswoman Anne Stefanek said that the decision to cancel the test of the LGM-30G Minuteman 3 missile was made for the same reasons for which it was carried out. Postponement In the beginning, please follow the site to reach all new.